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History 12 Lesson 13: National democratic movement in Vietnam from 1925 to 1930

Compose History 12 Lesson 13 help grade 12 students summarize all knowledge about the birth and operation of three revolutionary organizations, the birth of the Communist Party of Vietnam. Also answer the history questions on page 89.

History 12 Lesson 13 compiled according to the textbook program on page 83 → 89. Thereby helping students quickly master the knowledge to study well in History. In addition, please refer to the history multiple choice questions 12 lesson 12. So here is the detailed content of the document, invite you to follow along here.

Summary of History 12 lesson 13

I. Birth and operation of three revolutionary organizations

1. Thanh Thien Vietnam Revolutionary Association.

a. The birth of the Vietnam Revolutionary Youth Association.

– At the end of 1924, Nguyen Ai Quoc returned to Guangzhou (China) to open a training course for cadres, enlightened some active youths in the center of the commune, and founded the Communist Union (February 2-1925).

– June 1925, Nguyen Ai Quoc founded the Vietnam Revolutionary Youth Association.

b. Operation process

* Members: petty bourgeois intellectuals, workers, farmers, etc.

* Area of ​​operation: Bac Ky, Trung Ky, Nam Ky and also overseas (Siem).

* Political ideology: Marxism – Leninism.

* Typical activities:

– Nguyen Ai Quoc continued to train and train revolutionary cadres.

– Propagating Marxist books and newspapers:

+ Published the Youth Newspaper (June 1925) as a mouthpiece.

+ At the beginning of 1927, Nguyen Ai Quoc’s Duong Khach life was published.

– At the end of 1928, implemented the policy of “proletarianization”.

c. The role of the Vietnam Revolutionary Youth Association:

– Prepare politically, ideologically and organizationally for the birth of the Communist Party of Vietnam.

+ Preparing for ideology and politics: propagating the revolutionary theory of national liberation in the workers’ and patriotic movements of Vietnam.

+ Organizational preparation: building cadres and organizational systems, leading to the birth of communist organizations, thereby merging into the Communist Party of Vietnam.

2. Tan Viet Revolutionary Party.

Tan Viet revolutionary Party
Time and place of establishment

– July 1928.

– Hue (Vietnam).

Membership composition Intellectuals and patriotic petty bourgeois youth.
Operational policy Lead the masses at home and communicate with the oppressed peoples of the world to overthrow imperialism and establish an equal and fraternal society
Area of ​​operation China
divergence – In September 1929, active members of Tan Viet followed the path of the proletarian revolution and established the Indochinese Communist Federation.

3. Vietnam Nationalist Party.

a. Born, release

– On the basis of the first nucleus, Nam Dong Thu Commune, on December 25, 1927, the Viet Nam Quoc Dan Dang organization was established, led by Nguyen Thai Hoc,… headed by Nguyen Thai Hoc.

b. Operation process

* Members: petty bourgeois intellectuals, Vietnamese soldiers in the French army, national bourgeoisie, etc.

* Area of ​​operation: mainly in some provinces of Bac Ky.

* The way to fight:

– At the beginning of its establishment, there was no clear program, only stating in general: first to make the nation revolutionary, then to make the world revolutionary.

– In 1929, announced the Action Plan, stating the principles of “Liberty, Equality, and Charity”. This revolution will take place through 4 periods, aiming at:

+ Defeat the French invaders and overthrow the king.

Establish a republican government and exercise democratic freedoms.

* Fighting method:

– Armed violence, heavy on assassination, personal terrorism.

– Struggle activities are military-oriented, paying little attention to revolutionary propaganda and building bases among the masses.

* Typical activities: organized a peaceful uprising (February 9, 1930), but failed.

II. Communist Party of Vietnam was born

1. The emergence of communist organizations in 1929

a. Situation: In 1929, the workers’ movement and the patriotic movement in Vietnam were increasingly developing, forming a strong wave.

b. The founding of communist organizations:

* Indochinese communist party

– In March 1929, some advanced members of the Vietnam Revolutionary Youth Association in Tonkin met at building 5D, Ham Long Street (Hanoi), and established the first Communist Party cell.

– From May 1 to 9, 1929, at the first congress of the Vietnam Revolutionary Youth Association in Hong Kong (China), the Tonkin delegation raised the question of establishing the Communist Party, but it was not accepted. received should leave the country.

– June 17, 1929 Northern communist delegates met at house 312, Kham Thien street (Hanoi) to decide on the establishment of the Indochinese communist party, approved the Party manifesto and charter, published the hammer and sickle newspaper, elected to the Party Central Committee.

* An Nam Communist Party

– In August 1929, the advanced cadres in the General Department and the Youth Revolutionary Youth Union in Cochinchina established the Communist Party of Annam and published the Red newspaper as the mouthpiece.

* Indochinese communist federation.

– In September 1929, some advanced party members of Tan Viet established the Indochinese Communist League.

c. Meaningful

The birth of three communist organizations (1929) was an objective trend of the national liberation movement in Vietnam along the path of the proletarian revolution.

– Three communist organizations in Vietnam were established in 1929, operating separately, competing for influence, attacking each other, making the domestic revolutionary movement in danger of major division.

2. The founding conference of the Communist Party of Vietnam.

a. Situation

– At the end of 1929, the workers’ movement and the patriotic movement flourished => The Vietnam Revolutionary Youth Association could not afford to continue to lead => required the establishment of a political party of the proletariat to continue to lead the upward development movement.

– Three communist organizations in Vietnam were established in 1929, operating separately, competing for influence, attacking each other => the revolutionary movement in the country has a great risk of division.

– Nguyen Ai Quoc heard that the Vietnam Revolutionary Youth Association split into two communist parties, immediately left Siam and went to China to unify communist organizations.

⇒ From January 6 to February 8, 1930, the Unification Conference of Communist organizations was convened in Kowloon (Huong Cang, China) with the participation of the Indochinese Communist Party and An Giang delegates. South Communist party.

b. Conference Content.

– Nguyen Ai Quoc criticizes the false views of individual communist organizations.

– Unification of communist organizations into the Communist Party of Vietnam, through the brief Political Outline, the Brief Strategy, and the summary charter of the Party drafted by Nguyen Ai Quoc. This is the first political program of the Communist Party of Vietnam.

* Contents of the first political platform:

+ The strategic line: the Vietnamese revolution goes through two stages: conducting “the civil rights bourgeois revolution and the land revolution to go to communist society”.

+ Strategic tasks of the Vietnamese revolution: anti-imperialist, anti-feudal.

+ The immediate task: to overthrow the French empire, feudalism and counter-revolutionary bourgeoisie, to make Vietnam completely independent; establish a government of workers and peasants, organize the army of workers and peasants; confiscate the lands of the empire and counter-revolutionaries to give to the poor ploughmen…

+ Revolutionary dynamics: the core force is workers, farmers, in addition there are: petty bourgeoisie, intellectuals; The rich peasants, the middle class, the small landowners and the bourgeoisie took advantage or were neutral.

+ Revolutionary leadership: the working class through the organization of the Communist Party of Vietnam.

+ Identify the Vietnamese revolution as an integral part of the world revolutionary movement.

→ The first political program of the Communist Party of Vietnam is a creative national liberation revolution, properly combining the ethnic issue and the class issue. Independence and freedom are the core ideas of this platform.

– On February 24, 1930, the Indochinese Communist League joined the Communist Party of Vietnam.

⇒ Meaning: The meeting to unite communist organizations has the stature of a Party founding congress.

c. The meaning of the birth of the Communist Party of Vietnam:

The Communist Party of Vietnam was born as a result of the fierce national and class struggles of the Vietnamese people in the first few decades of the twentieth century.

The birth of the Party is the product of a combination of Marxism-Leninism, the workers’ movement and the patriotic movement in Vietnam in the new era.

The birth of the Party is a great turning point in the history of Vietnam’s revolution, marking the end of the crisis period in terms of revolutionary leadership.

The birth of the Party is the first decisive preparation for new leaps and bounds in the development history of the Vietnamese nation.

Solving exercises in History textbook 12 Lesson 13

Question 1

Presenting the historical circumstances and developments of the founding conference of the Communist Party of Vietnam.

Answer

Historical circumstances: From the end of 1929, in Vietnam, three communist organizations appeared in turn, these three organizations operated openly, competed for the masses, influenced each other, and influenced the revolutionary situation. Generally speaking.

Progress of the founding conference of the Party:

– Before the revolutionary situation in general, Nguyen Ai Quoc, as an envoy of the Communist International, presided over the Conference to unite communist organizations.

The conference began on January 6, 1930 in Cuu Long, attended by representatives of the Indochinese Communist Party and Annam Communist Party.

– At the conference, Nguyen Ai Quoc criticized the false views of communist organizations operating separately.

– The conference unified communist organizations into a single Party named Communist Party of Vietnam. The first political program of the Communist Party of Vietnam was also approved.

– On February 24, 1930, at the request of the Indochinese communist federation, this organization was also allowed to join the Communist Party of Vietnam.

Verse 2

State the basic content of the first political platform of the Communist Party of Vietnam.

Answer

The program stated “the policy of bourgeois revolutionary civil rights and revolutionary land to move towards communist society”. That is the long-term and final goal of the Vietnamese Party and revolution.

– The immediate social goals are to make people enjoy freedom of assembly, men’s rights, and universal education for the people; politically overthrowing the French imperialists and feudalists to make Vietnam completely independent, establishing a government and army of the people (workers – farmers – soldiers); In economic terms, it was to abolish all nationalities, abolish taxes for poor farmers, collect all the great wealth of the empire and assign it to the people’s government to manage, and collect all the lands appropriated by the empire as public property and distribute it to the people. plowing poverty, industrial development, agriculture and performing 8-hour labor. Those goals are in line with the basic interests of the nation and the earnest aspiration of our people.

– The Party’s strategy clearly states that the Party is the vanguard of the working class, conquering the class, leading the peasantry; contact with petty bourgeoisie, intellectuals, middle peasants; take advantage and differentiate between the middle and small landowners and the national bourgeoisie, unite with the oppressed nations and the world proletariat to form a united front to repel the empire, drive out the landlords and the feudal lords. implement the slogan of independent Vietnam, the plowman has the field.

– The entire first Platform of the Party exudes the great idea that the Vietnamese national-democratic revolution inevitably leads to a socialist revolution, national independence is associated with socialism; That cause belongs to the people under the leadership of the Communist Party of Vietnam – Marxist-Leninist Party.

– The brief program of the Party and the brief Charter of the Party stating the exact name of the Party, the principles of the Party, the organizational system of the Party from the cell, district or department; provincial, municipal or special ministries and central government.

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